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Claude Joseph Sauthier: A Chorographical Map of the Province of New York in North America

Map: USA4022
 
Cartographer: Claude Joseph Sauthier
Title: A Chorographical Map of the Province of New York in North America
Date: 1849
Published: Albany, NY
Width: 27 inches / 69 cm
Height: 37 inches / 94 cm
Map ref: USA4022
Description:
This elegant and detailed map of the colony of New York was first published in 1779 by William Faden, Royal Geographer to King George III. As the last significant pre-independence survey of New York, it was vital for establishing land ownership in the decades after the American Revolution.

The survey was conducted by Claude Joseph Sauthier, a French surveyor in the employ of William Tryon, British royal governor of New York at the time of the Revolution. Sauthier been convinced to emigrate to America in 1767 by William Tryon, at the time serving as Royal Governor of North Carolina, to produce detailed surveys of Carolina's towns, especially those of military importance. When Tryon was re-assigned to New York, he brought Sauthier with him and made him the official survey of New York. Whilst Sauthier did draw heavily on previous surveys in the production of his map of New York, his focus was much more on civilian boundaries and property lines than his predecessors, making this a valuable record.

Reflecting the state of the colony's westward settlement at the time of the Revolution, the map focuses primarily on eastern New York, especially the Hudson River Valley and the areas around Lake Champlain. Adjacent portions of Connecticut and Massachusetts are also mapped. Large parcels of land, soon to be settled, are marked west of the Hudson River and northeast of Lake Champlain, with the owner's name given for each parcel. The 45th Parallel, marked here in orange, was established as the border between New York and Quebec and was largely surveyed by Sauthier himself.

This example, lithographed and printed in 1849 in Albany, is a testament to the enduring usefulness of Sauthier's map, suggesting that it was still being used as a historical reference 70 years after its first publication. Drawn by David Vaughan and lithographed by Richard Pease.

Coloured. SL [USA4022]