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Daniel Neal: A New Map of New England according to the Latest Observation

Map: USA9162
 
Cartographer: Daniel Neal
Title: A New Map of New England according to the Latest Observation
Date: 1720
Published: London
Width: 14 inches / 36 cm
Height: 9 inches / 23 cm
Map ref: USA9162
Description:
A fine example of Daniel Neal's scarce map of New England, extending from Long Island to Nova Scotia. Two insets show Boston Harbour and an overview of New England and eastern Canada.

This map was published in The history of New England containing an impartial account of the civil and ecclesiastical affairs of the country by Daniel Neal. The book included a section on the present state of New England which was accompanied by a "new and accurate map of that country". This map is indeed an improvement on previous maps of New England and denotes recent changes to the boundaries of the Massachusetts Colony, such as the annexation of the Plymouth Colony in 1691. Double dotted lines are used to indicate the divisions between Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island, New Hampshire, and Maine, while single dotted lines show the development of county boundaries.

A settlement marked as 'Kenebeck' is marked prominently on the Kennebec River in Maine. This may be a reference to modern-day Augusta, or may have been an amalgamation of various trading posts which were becoming important in the fur trade around this period. The island of Martha's Vineyard is amusingly labeled as 'Martin's Vineyard', an older name for the island which gradually fell out of use in the 18th century. The author also makes note of the Duke of York's claim to all of the land between the Kennebec River and the St Croix River, the modern-day border between Maine and Canada.

[USA9162]