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John Speed: A Newe Mape of Poland

Map: POL1025
Cartographer: John Speed
Title: A Newe Mape of Poland
Date: 1627
Published: London
Width: 20 inches / 51 cm
Height: 15 inches / 39 cm
Map ref: POL1025
John Speed's exquisite map of Poland embellished with miniature city views along the upper border and costumed figures on both sides. Krakow, Gdansk, Poznan, Wroclaw, Sandomierz, and Krosno are the cities depicted, reduced from larger views by Braun & Hogenberg. The costumed figures include a generic Polish man and woman, bridal costumes from Silesia and Gdansk, and a wealthy Polish Gentleman and his wife. The coats of arms of Poland and Silesia are also featured in the side borders.

John Speed was the most prominent and respected English map maker of the 17th century. He produced the first ever atlas of the world in English. It was attached as a supplement to his British county atlas and collectively the whole work was known as A Theater of the Empire of Great Britaine and a Prospect of the Most Famous parts of the World. This map, therefore, is the first English atlas map of Poland.

Although his atlas was intended for the English market, the maps were engraved and prepared in Amsterdam as there were no engravers with sufficient skills to do the work in England at the time. As a result, the map is heavily influenced by the Dutch style, especially with the inclusion of the sumptuous illustrated borders, generally only found on Dutch maps. The quality of the engraving is stunning, far superior to any other English maps of the period and on par with the finest Dutch Golden Age maps.

One of the most endearing characteristics of this map is the charming 17th-century description of Poland printed on the reverse of the map in English [image available on request]. It gives a detailed overview of the history, geography, politics, and customs of Poland, often in unintentionally humorous language.

John Speed’s striking maps are highly collectible, and continue to be as appealing to collectors today as they were to Speed’s contemporaries.

George Humble (1627) edition. Strong impression. [POL1025]