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R.G.S.: Hudson's Strait

Map: POLAR252
Cartographer: R.G.S.
Title: Hudson's Strait
Date: 1837
Published: London
Width: 9 inches / 23 cm
Height: 5 inches / 13 cm
Map ref: POLAR252
Hudson's Strait, linking the Atlantic Ocean and Labrador Sea to Hudson Bay in Canada, named after explorer Henry Hudson who discovered and navigated it in 1610. The map shows the track of HMS Terror in 1836-7.

After participating in battles during the War of 1812, including the Battle of Baltimore, the HMS Terror was refitted and used for polar exploration in the Canadian Arctic. The vessel was assigned to British Naval officer Captain George Back to explore Hudson Bay after having previously served in the Arctic under Sir John Franklin in 1818 during his first expedition.

The “Frozen Strait Expedition” of 1836-37 went with the intention of exploring the northern-most end of Hudson Bay at Repulse Bay or the Wagner Inlet, returning by sailing the then unknown coastline or by trekking overland to Point Turnagain (now Kent Peninsula) around and across now Nunavut, Canada. However after coming into difficulties, a damaging encounter with an iceberg and becoming icebound for 10 months, a decision was made to retreat and return home.

Original outline colour. [POLAR252]