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Johann Baptist Homann: Tabula Selenographica in qua Lunarium Macularum exacta Descriptio secundum Nomenclaturam Praestantissimorum Astronomorum tam Hevelii quam Ricciolo

Map: CELEST1169
 
Cartographer: Johann Baptist Homann
Title: Tabula Selenographica in qua Lunarium Macularum exacta Descriptio secundum Nomenclaturam Praestantissimorum Astronomorum tam Hevelii quam Ricciolo
Date: c. 1710
Published: Nuremberg
Width: 23 inches / 59 cm
Height: 19 inches / 49 cm
Map ref: CELEST1169
Description:
Stunning early 18th Century copper engraving of two comparative views by Johannes Hevelius (1611-1687) and Giovanni Battista Riccioli (1598-1671). Original hand colour. Framed.

Danzig-based astronomer Johannes Hevelius (1611-1687) was responsible for publishing "Seleographia", the very first atlas dedicated to lunar observation in 1647. He found likeness between the topography of the Earth and that he observed on the Moon through his telescope and began his own nomenclature system, naming lunar formations after terrestrial ones.

Italian astronomer and Catholic priest Giovanni Battista Riccioli (1598-1671) named craters and lunar landscapes after polymaths and astronomers Galileo, Nicolaus Copernicus, Tycho Brahe and Johannes Kepler, and renamed the Mare (the large, dark, basaltic plains likened by Hevelius as seas). The names devised by Riccioli are largely currently accepted and still used to this day.

The map is surrounded by diagrams of moon phases and there is a Latin description along the lower edge of the map. Decoration and Putti using an elongated telescope adorn the top mantle of the map.

Original hand colour. [CELEST1169]