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John Cary: A New Map of the United States of America

Map: USA9040
 
Cartographer: John Cary
Title: A New Map of the United States of America
Date: 1806
Published: London
Width: 20 inches / 51 cm
Height: 18 inches / 46 cm
Map ref: USA9040
Description:
A fine map of the early United States recognizing the admission of Kentucky (1792) and Tennessee (1796) as states, but overlooking the admission of Ohio in 1803. Instead, the Upper Midwest is labeled as a large unorganized "Western Territory".

During this period Britain was eager to prevent American settlers from annexing the region between the Ohio River, the Mississippi River, and the Great Lakes. Instead, they argued for the creation of a large Indian Territory to serve as a buffer between British Canada and the United States. This dispute was only resolved after the War of 1812 when Britain dropped its claim to the region.

This map is dotted with fascinating notes describing the nature of the country, the navigability of various rivers, and the names of the Native American tribes inhabiting unsettled lands.

Georgia's borders are also particularly interesting as they still extend all the way from the Atlantic to the Mississippi River. The Mississippi Territory, which was split in half to form Alabama and Mississippi in 1817, does not appear on this map despite being formed in 1798. Georgia maintained its claim over this region (the Yazoo lands) until 1802, and only abandoned the claim after a payment of $1.25 million was granted by the federal government. Curiously, John Cary, usually quite an exact cartographer, has failed to include the Georgia cession and the admission of Ohio despite three years having passed since the events in question took place.

Original hand-colour.